The sun has a profound effect on the skin during years of sun exposure. It causes damage and premature skin aging. Almost all major adult skin problems such as fine lines, age spots, dry skin and wrinkles can be attributed more to sun exposure than to natural aging alone. Skin changes that are commonly due to sun exposure include cancer, age spots, sun-induced freckles, actinic keratosis, and moles. Skin texture changes caused by the sun’s ultraviolet radiation include thickening/thinning of skin leading to course/fine wrinkles, easy bruising, and skin tearing. The sun can also cause other conditions such as permanent stretching of small blood vessels, giving your skin a mottled appearance.
Polycystic ovary syndrome ( PCOS ) is another imbalance in male and female sex hormones. An excess of androgens can lead to ovarian cysts, weight gain, a higher risk of diabetes, changes in your menstrual period, infertility , as well as hair thinning. Because male hormones are overrepresented in PCOS, women may also experience more hair on the face and body.
What to do: Treating PCOS can correct the hormone imbalance and help reverse some of these changes. Treatments include diet, exercise, and potentially birth control pills, as well as specific treatment to address infertility or diabetes risk.